Vatican Foreign Policy in the Middle East


Comment Blog


Caleb Carr,

Cardinal Gasparri:  The Turks were still the most equitable guardians of the holy places.

Unitate Churches:  Greek, Syrian, Chaldean, Maronite

Gasparri:  the Balfour Declaration would establish “an absolute economic, administrative and political preponderance of Jews over other nationalities.”

King Abdullah of Transjordan

Pontifical Commission on Justice and Peace

Redemptionis Anno:  The Palestinian people who find their historical roots in (Palestine) and who for decades have been dispersed, have the natural right in justice to find once more a homeland and to be able to live in peace and tranquility with the other peoples of the area.”  1984

“right of return”

“two state solution”

Christian-Muslim violence: Nigeria, Sudan, East Timor, Iraq, Pakistan

Baathist despots

Sunni, Shi’ite, Druze

Bashir Gamayel, Phalangist Party

Sueilman Franjieh

Cardinal Agostino Casaroli

The Vatican “should understand that Christians in Lebanon are not guinea pigs for the Christian-Islamic dialogue in the world.”

Massacre at Sabra and Shatila

Ariel Sharon

Multi-national force in Lebanon


Ayatollah Khomeini and Saddam Hussein