It's a Mad, Mad, Mad Merovingian World


Roman Ruins


Byzantium Survives under Justinian


Monophysites and Monotheletes: The Emperor Does Theology


The Christian Church Survives Rome's Ruin


The Germans


The Christmas Crowning of Charlemagne


Carolingian Disappointments


Muslims and Magyars make Mincemeat of Europe


The Message of the Prophet


Era of the Rightly Guided Ones


From Viking Chaos to Viking Conversion


Feudal but not Futile


The System of Vassals and Lords; Cooperation


How Feudalism Corrupted the Church


The Fish Stinks Worst at the Head


Monasteries Save the Day


A German Emperor and an Alsatian Pope


The Great Schism Mars Papal Reforms


Pope Saint Gregory VII


The Call for a Crusade


The Latin East


Cross My Heart and Hope to Die: The Military Orders


Bad Bail-Outs: The Second and Third Crusades


Crusader Castles and a Crafty Blind Venetian


The Fourth Crusade: Disaster in the East


Saintly Soldier, Soldierly Saint; Louis IX of France


Prosperity Comes to Europe: Cities, Fairs, and Jews


The Cistercians Reform the Cluniac Reformers


Peter Waldo and Francis of Assisi


St. Dominic and the Albigensians


When Good Orders go Bad; Nothing Fails like Success


The Recovery of Learning


Universitas Societas Majistorum Discipulorumque


From Greek to Arabic to Latin: Aristotle Comes West


Aristotle Takes Paris by Storm


Thomas Aquinas


The Summa


Medieval Cathedrals: Faith Expressed in Stone


A Distant Mirror: The Hundred Years War: Personalities


A Distant Mirror: The Hundred Years War: The Nations


Bubonic Plague


Closure