A DISTANT MIRROR: THE HUNDRED YEARS WAR; THE NATIONS
Charles V of France
Charles VI, royal uncles: Dukes of Anjou, Berri, Burgundy
Charles the Mad, Charles the Well-Beloved
Philip the Bold of Burgundy v. Duke Louis of Orleans (Charles’ brother)
Disaster at Nicopolis 1395 (Constantinople falls in 1453)
Treaty of Bretigny of 1360
Alice Perrers’ dominance and Fr. Langland’s sermons
John Wyclif & Lollards
1376 The Black Prince dies
1377 King Edward III dies
King Richard II is 10 years old
1399 Henry “IV” cousin, overthrow & starvation in the Tower
End of Plantagenants; coming of the Yorks
- 1409 revolt in Wales
1405 French invade Wales
Archbishop of York revolts
1413 Henry IV dies; Henry V. This war is no longer personal; it’s become national.
Pro-Armegnac v. Burgundians under John the Fearless
Landing at Harfleur, not Calais
October 25th 1415 at Agincourt
John the Fearless is assassinated (while
negotiating w. Dauphin Charles) Burgundians (Philip the Good) seek an English
treaty: Treaty of Troyes:
Henry V gets Catherine, but he dies. Henry VI is 9 months old!
Duke of Bedford is regent; baby Henry crowned king of France in 1436 – in Paris.
All northern France to the Loire; in west, Guyenne-Bordeaux.
Seige of Orleans will open southern France. William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk
Jeanne d’Arc of Dorémy
Vaucouleur & Robert de Baudricourt
St. Loup fort; La Torelle (Gladsdale drowns)
Failure at Paris 1430; capture at Compiège. “We have burned a saint”
1455; 1869 (Bishop Dupanloup of Orleans; 1920 Pope Benedict XV.
1449,1450,1453 … only Calais.
English Civil War of the Roses