Byzantium Survives under Justinian
Romulus Augustulus, 476 AD
Emperor Zeno in Constantinople
Justinian and Uncle Justin
Council of Nicaea, Arius, Athanasius
Nestorius: Christotokos, not Theotokos
St. Cyril of Alexandria
Council of Ephesus (431)
Bishop Dioscoros of Alexandria
Pope Leo I, Emperor Marcian
Council of Chalcedon (451)
"Peter has spoken through Leo"
"Pope of Rome," "Apostolic Father," "Pope"
"caput omnium sanctarum ecclesiarum"
529 "the same year St. Benedict destroyed the last pagan national sanctuary in Italy, the temple of Apollo in the sacred grove on Monte Casino, saw also the destruction of the stronghold of classical paganism in Greece."
Theodora, "the most Christian empress, sent by God in difficult times, to protect the persecuted"
Pope Agapetus visits
Justinian: "I shall either force you to agree with us or else I shall send you away into exile."
Agapetus: "I had wished to come to the most Christian of all emperors, Justinian, and instead I found a Diocletian. I fear not your threats."
Constantinople II: The Three Chapters (three Nestorian theologians)
Nika Revolt: at Hippodrome
Venetoi v. Prasinoi
Tribonian -- Corpus Juris Civilis
Law school curriculum at Constantinople, Rome, (Beirut)
I. Institutes (4 volumes)
II, III, IV Digest (50 volumes)
V The Code in General
Heraclius (was the creation of medieval Byzantium whose state concept was Roman, whose language was Greek, whose faith was Christian." Ostrogorsky