Early Church History 40

Senatorial circles, Neoplatonists following Macrobius

Athansius: Alexandria, Rome, Trier, Aquileia

Hilary of Poitiers and Ambrose (Cappadocian Fathers)

"It was no accident that the police of Diocletian vented their fury explicitly on the 'drug' represented by the sacred books, while the martyrs, their minds and hearts steeped in the scriptures, boasted of possessing them in their hearts, out of the reach of destruction. Even if the hierarchy preserved its role of safeguarding the canon, it was the entire people who tested the fidelity of the translations and interpretations." Patrology IV Quasten

Jerome, Rufinus of Aquileia, Bonosus, Heliodorum

fortress city of Stridonia in Pannonia

"The Choir of the Blessed"

Bishop Valerian

"irritable to an extreme degree"

desert of Chalcis near Aleppo

Emperor Theodosius

Marcella and Paula

Pope Damasus, Pope Siricius

"Senate of the Pharisees"  Reggio Calabria to Cyprus to Antioch to Jerusalem to Bethlehem

local politics: john of Jerusalem, Gelasius of Caesarea, Origenists Controversy, Paulinianus

Rome is sacked: August 14, 410


Six areas of achievement:  1) Gospels; 2) Acts of the Apostles, Epistles, Apocalypse; 3) Psalter, 4) the Gallican Psalter, 5) "travelogues," 6) Deuterocanonical Books (Book of Jesus, Son of Sirach, the Wisdom of Solomon, Judith, Esther, Tobias, Maccabees "read for edification, but do not enjoy canonical authority."

"Third and Fourth Esdras are nothing but foolish fancies!"

Onomastica, Questiones Hebraicae


Council of Hippo, 393; Council of Carthage, 397, 419.

Papal Decree of 500 Decretum Gelasianum

Dismissal of Privatiuis by Saint Augustine; Priest Quintianus loses his faculties as a priest