Early Church History 38

Saint John Chrysostom and the Sons of Theodosius

398 Emperor Archadius, elder son of Theodosius

younger brother Emperor Honorius in the West

Eudoxia the wife

Eutropius the eunach


Meletius the Confessor, Bishop of Antioch

"Chrysostom," "Golden-Mouth"

Patriarch Nectarius of Constantinope

General Flavius Stilicho, Magister militum


Battle of Frigidum

Gothic king Alaric

Hagia Sophia

"adozia" άδοξίά or "Eudoxia"

The Church of Saint Irene

Pityus, Comana in Pointus

Emperor Theodosius II

Pope Innocent I

Extant works: 58 homilies on Psalms; 6 homilies on Isaiah 6; 90 homilies on the Gospel according to Matthew; 55 homilies on Acts of the Apostles; 32 on Paul's Letter to the Romans; 44 and 30 respectively on I and II Corinthians


De Sacerdotio

On Christ: Remaining what He was, He assumed what He was not, and though He became man, remained God, in that He was the Word ... thus there is no confusion, but also no separation ..."

On Mary: We are ignorant of many things, as for instance, how the Infinite is in the womb, how He that contains all things is carried, as unborn, by a woman; how the Virgin gives birth and continues as a Virgin.


On the Eucharist: That which is in the chalice is the same as what flowed from the side of Christ.  What is the bread?  The Body of Christ. Reflect, O Man, what sacrificial flesh (Θυσίά) you take in your hands! To what table you will approach.  Remember that you, though dust and ashes, do receive the Blood and Body of Christ.