Early Church History 36

Bright Lights of the Eighth Generation

Saint Basil the Great, Saint Gregory of Nazianzus, Saint Gregory of Nyssa, Saint Hiliary of Poitiers, Saint Ambrose, Saint Jerome, Saint Cyril of Jerusalem, Saint John Chrysostom, Saint Augustine and Rufinus of Aquileia, John Cassian, Epiphanus of Salamis

Cappadocians "In this splendid triad the theological work of Athanasius found its continuation and reached its climax." Quasten.


Council of Nicea, Council of Constantinople


Pope Benedict XVI's address at Regensburg

Basil, 330 at Cappadocian Caesarea


Saint Macrina the Elder

Saints Basil, Gregory, Peter of Sebaste, Macrina the Younger


Origen's Philocalia

bishop, Metropolitan, Exarch

Emperor Valens, Prefect Modestus

Emperor Theodosius: Second Ecumenical Council of Constantinople, 381

homo - ousion

modalism, sabellianism, God-as-Peter-Sellers

"Semi-Arians," "Eusebians"

Orthodox Christian Faith regarding Christ is that he is fully God and fully man, while holding that God is one, Father , Son (Christ) and Holy Spirit

But HOW?

Saint Athanasius: homo - ousion. Logos was one in being with the Father.

Does that mean, Hellenists question, that the Logos is the Father?

Eusebians: it is clearer to say that the Logos is like  in being to the Father: homo -  oision

Athanasiuis: God is one hypostasis (being) and three hypostases (beings)

ousia = the essense (esse) the substance of God

hypostasis = that essence in a particular mode or manner as in an individual person

Greek hypostasis = Latin Persona

So ousia is what is common, shared, that is Godhead while hypostasis is seen in the eternal properties  "in the special property of Fatherhood, Sonship or the power to sanctify."

Sabillius: prosopon to describe the modes of God

Basil on Sabellius: For, he said, that the same God, being one in matter, was metamorphosed, as the need of the moment required, and spoken of now as Father, now as Son, and now as Holy Spirit."

Gregory of Naziansus, Arianzum

Mother Nonna

Bishop of Sasima

Five Orations on the Divinity of the Logos

Emperor Theodotius and the Catholics

May 381, Patriarch of Constantinople at Second Ecumenical Council

"the doctrine of relations"  "There is complete identity among the three divine Persons except for the relations of origin."

the Christ?  rejects the Logos-Sarx Theology, embraces a Logos-Somos Christology. Thus, Jesus Christ is Logos-God and fully Man (body and soul, a human soul), not just a God possessing a human body.

Theotokos:  Mary is the mother of Jesus, but also the Mother of the Christ, but also the Mother of God.

Council of Ephesus

Gregory of Nyssa, brother of Basil