Early Church History 12

The Gates of Hell

Matthew 16: 18 And upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Council of Jerusalem: "decision by the Holy Spirit and by us."

doxia and praxis

Typho and Celsus, Stoics, Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, Le Mâistre, Christopher Hitchens

Arius, Sabellius, syncrenists (Gnostics, Manichees, Cathars, Modernists)

Bill Federer

Basilides, Isidore, Cerdo, Marcion, Valentinus, Montanus

Story of Pantera

Diaspora Jews

Protoevangelium of James

M. R. James, The Apocryphal New Testament, 1924

Johannes Quasten, Patrology I

Gospel of the Hebrews, Gospel of the Twelve Apostles, Gospel of Peter, Gospel of Nicodemus, Gospel of Thomas, Gospel of Philip, Gospel of Matthias, Gospel of Bartholomew, Gospel of Barnabas, Gospel of Judas Iscariot

Acts of Paul, of Peter, of John, of Peter and Paul, of Andrew, of Thomas, of Thaddeus

Marcion, Sinope in Pontus

Polycarp of Smyrna

Emperor Antoninus Pius


Cain and Esau saved but Abel, Enoch, Noah, David, Solomon remained in hell

Marcionites in Corinth, Crete, Antioch, Alexandria, Rome, Carthage, Lyons, Syria, Mesopotamia

Apelles and Philumene

Saints Justin Martyr and Irenaeus of Lyons and Tertullian