Saint Louis: The Story of Catholic Evangelization of America’s Heartland
Volume One: From Canoe to Cathedral
Episode 20: The Osage

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J. Frederick Fausz, Founding St. Louis

James Neal Primm, Lion of the Valley

Louis Burns, History of the Osage People

Long Summer Humid Continental Climate

Fortress Ozarks

Division Chief Villages

Band Villages

Seasonal Hunting Villages

Teepee Camp Grounds

Society of Little Old Men

Division Chiefs

The grand Chiefs

The Caddo people

Bluff Wars and “finger talk”

Étienne de Bourgmont, 1725